Sally T. Taurine
Taurine is an amino acid but is an exception to other amino acids as it performs its function as a separate entity – not as a component of protein. Generally amino acids are components of proteins and are generally strung together like links on a chain to form proteins.
Taurine is the most abundant free amino acid in the body and it is water soluble and occurs in the body as a free molecule and not incorporated into muscle proteins. Taurine is a sulfur amino acids like methionine, and cysteine it is a sulfur amino acid. It was considered a nonessential nutrient (it can be made in the body) but it is now evident that Taurine plays a major role in the brain and other electrically excitable tissues and can become essential (insufficient in our bodies) under certain circumstances.
Taurine can be obtained from our diet. It is also produced by a combination of cysteine, methionine and vitamin C, but low amounts of these substances can in turn lead to Taurine deficiency.
In conditions of high stress or in disease states the need for Taurine increases and supplementation should be essential.
Vegetarians are susceptible to low Taurine levels as well as those suffering from cardiovascular concerns, diabetes, poor liver and kidney function.
Other conditions of concern are; hypertension, seizure disorders, forms of heart disease, congestive heart failure, bile production, macular degeneration, retinal damage.
Which foods contain Taurine?
Taurine is found in eggs, dairy products, fish and red meat.
Optimal Taurine levels decline with aging. Taurine supplementation is suggested regardless of the diet as Taurine has a multitude of general health benefits.
What does Taurine do?
- Bile Acids: It is an important component of bile acids, which are used to absorb fats and fat-soluble vitamins.
- Cell membranes: Maintains the stability of cell membranes.
- Calcium transport: Transports calcium in and out of cells.
- Brain cell activity: Regulates the activity of brain cells and helps protect normal brain activity. Taurine helps prevent the damaging oxidation of certain neurotransmitters implicated in Parkinson’s disease, in addition to its already established neuro-protective roles
- Anti-convulsant: Can assist as an anti-convulsant amino acid, is effective in epilepsy because it increases the breakdown of glutamate to GABA
- Anti-oxidant: A powerful antioxidant especially in the retina of the eye. Deficiencies of Taurine are known to cause retinal lesions and visual deterioration, which can be reversed with dietary Taurine.
- Macular degeneration: Protects against macular degeneration. Taurine is believed to enhance the rods and cones—the pigmented epithelial cells in the retina of the eye that serve as visual receptor cells. The greatest visual acuity occurs in the macular area of the retina near where the optic nerve enters from the back of the eye. As we age, the macula commonly degenerates as rods and cones die, which can result in blindness. The cause of the degeneration is unclear, but it occurs more commonly in diabetics and may be the result of free radical damage from ultraviolet light or oxygen exposure.
- Heart health: It regulates heartbeat. The heart beats more than 2 billion times in your lifetime, transporting blood and oxygen to your body’s various systems. With heart failure there is a decreased ability of the heart to pump out all of the blood that flows into it. Research has shown that in humans Taurine enhances the contractile strength of heart muscle and is believed to help prevent heart failure.
- Improves glucose tolerance: Taurine works by increasing the action of insulin, improving glucose tolerance and enhancing antioxidant levels—which are important functions to balance the negative effects of high sugar diets.
- Decreased muscle damage: Large amounts of Taurine are also found in muscle. Taurine has shown the ability to lower muscle damage from intense exercise, and improve performance. Exercise depletes the muscles of Taurine, making supplementation essential for anyone concerned with getting the maximum benefit from their exercise program.
- Tinnitus: Nerve cells of the hairs in the ear convert sound waves into electrical energy which the brain then interprets as sound. If damage occurs to these cells through the obstruction of the flow of calcium into and out of them, hearing is impaired. Taurine helps to control this flow in and out of the hearing cells in the ear. This property may prevent progressive hearing loss and control tinnitus.
- Exercise: It helps muscle work harder, longer and safer by increasing muscle contractility within the heart and joints. This results in a more productive workout. It also helps remove lactic acid build-up which allows one to work out for a longer stretch. Taurine also has the ability to absorb compounds that cause oxidative stress.
Dosage: There is no set required dosages. Variations can be from 250 mg to 2000 mg/day.
Side effects and precautions:
- Keep out of reach of children.
- If you are pregnant, breastfeeding, taking medication or have a medical condition, consult your healthcare practitioner before use. • There is no known toxic level.
Ingredients: 100% Taurine powder
Taurine Powder is composed of 100% protein, 0% of fat, 0% carbohydrates. Easy to digest & absorb, dairy-free & gluten-free, sodium-free, suitable for vegans & vegetarians Kosher, no artificial colours, flavours or sweeteners have been added.
This medicine has not been evaluated by SAHPRA. This medicine is not intended to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent disease.